What Is an Independent Contractor Definition
As an independent contractor, the «hiring» business is not your employer, but your client. Independent contractors have the right to decide when, where and how to carry out a particular project. If you are an independent contractor, the companies you hire are not allowed to direct your work. In general, your client will indicate the desired result of your work and you will have the freedom to determine how to achieve this result. Employees who believe they have been wrongly classified as independent contractors by an employer can use Form 8919, Uncollected Social Security, and Medicare Tax on Wages PDF, to determine and report the employee`s share of unpaid Social Security and Medicare taxes due on their compensation. Therefore, in order to ensure the best possible employment relationship, it is important that there is an independent contractor agreement. There are a number of templates available online. Under federal law, an employee is either an employee or an independent contractor. The determination is measured by the degree of control the employer has over the independent contractor in relation to the degree of independence that the independent contractor has from the employer. Independent contractors have more freedom over their work and the ability to contract with a number of businesses, but they don`t get much of the legal protections that employees provide. Below is a discussion of the nature of the independent contractor`s work and the legal issues associated with it.
If you`re not sure if you own the rights to a work you`ve created or a product you`ve developed as an independent contractor, read your contractual agreement. If you see a clause that looks like this – «The Contractor agrees that any work or invention designed, written or created in the performance of work under this Agreement is the sole and exclusive property of the Company» – you probably do not own the rights to that work. The IRS and many states have adopted common law principles to define an independent contractor. These rules focus primarily on the degree of control an employer has over a service or product, i.e. whether the employer actually defines what is done and how it is achieved. Creative works such as songs, articles and works of art are subject to copyright. Under the Copyright Act, 1976, an independent contractor who has created a work for an employer owns the rights to that work, except in certain circumstances. The employer who commissioned the work has the rights only if the work is considered a «work for hire» under the law and the parties have signed a written agreement stipulating that the sponsoring employer is the author of the work. To be considered a «commissioned work» under the law, it must fall into one of nine categories: (1) a contribution to a collective work, (2) a part of a cinematographic or audiovisual work, (3) a translation, (4) an additional work, (5) a compilation, (6) a teaching text, (7) a test, (8) response material for a test, or (9) an atlas. Independent contractors benefit from these agreements by enjoying the freedom and flexibility of self-employment.
Persons such as doctors, dentists, veterinarians, lawyers, accountants, contractors, subcontractors, public stenographers or auctioneers who operate in a business, business or independent profession in which they offer their services to the public are generally independent contractors. However, whether these individuals are independent contractors or employees depends on the facts. The general rule is that a person is an independent contractor if the payer has the right to control or control only the result of the work and not what is done and how it is done. The income of a person working as an independent contractor is subject to self-employment tax. From the employer`s perspective, it may be advantageous to pay independent contractors to provide services, as it negates the need for a full-time employee for whom you have to pay benefits. The catch is that entrepreneurs are a little freer to do what they want and don`t necessarily depend on your business for a living; Therefore, they are more likely to search for companies outside of your company. We can look in three different places to answer this question. A sometimes difficult to define status of what constitutes an independent contractor has been described by common law principles, the Fair Labour Standards Act and, finally, the decisions of some courts.
An independent contractor is a self-employed person who usually works under a contract or agreement. Independent contractors are hired to perform work for another business or provide services to another business as non-employees. Employees can be classified as an employee or an independent contractor. If an employee is an independent contractor, the employer can only control the quality or outcome of the work – not the method by which the work is performed. If the employee is an employee, the payer may require that the question be made at a certain place and at a certain time or at a certain pace. A business owner has more control over the execution of the order. Other considerations for identifying a person as an independent contractor may include: The IRS defines an independent contractor as a person in an employment relationship where «the payer has the right to control or direct only the result of the work and not what is done and how it is done.» The IRS further clarifies this definition by stating, «You are not an independent contractor if you provide services that can be controlled by an employer (what is done and how is it done).» Independent contractors deliver goods or services under the terms of a contract they have negotiated with an employer. Independent contractors are not employees and therefore do not fall under most federal labour laws. They are not protected from discrimination in the workplace by Title VII, nor are they entitled to leave under the Family Medical Leave Act. . .